Selecting an AWS Instance Type and Size
Choosing the right instance for your workload is an important factor for a successful Tableau Server deployment. You can choose from a wide range of Amazon EC2 instance types. For a complete list of all available instance types and sizes, see Amazon EC2 Instance Types(Link opens in a new window) at the AWS website.
At minimum, a 64-bit Tableau Server requires a 4-core CPU (the equivalent of 8 AWS vCPUs) and 64 GB RAM. However, a total of 8 CPU cores (16 AWS vCPUs) and 128 GB RAM are strongly recommended for a single production Amazon EC2 instance.
An AWS vCPU is a single hyperthread of a two-thread Intel Xeon core for M5, M4, C5, C4, R4 and R4 instances. A simple way to think about this is that an AWS vCPU is equal to half a physical core. Therefore, when choosing an Amazon EC2 instance size, you should double number of cores you have purchased or wish to deploy with. Example: You have purchased an 8 core licence for Tableau Server (or need to support enough active users where 8 cores are warranted). You should choose an Amazon EC2 instance type with 16 vCPUs. For more information about how many vCPUs equal a physical core, see Physical Cores by Amazon EC2 and RDS DB Instance Type at the AWS website.
Typical instance types and sizes for development, test and production environments
C5.4xlarge (suitable for development environments only)
m5.4xlarge (suitable for development or testing environments only)
r5.4xlarge (suitable for development, testing or production environments)
Note: Installing Tableau Server on Amazon EC2 T2 instances is not supported.
For a performance comparison of various Amazon EC2 instance types that have been tested with Tableau Server, see Tableau at the Speed of EC2(Link opens in a new window).
Recommended specifications for a single production instance
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Note: As of July 2022, Debian distributions are no longer supported. For more information, see this Tableau Community post(Link opens in a new window).
128+ GB RAM (4 GB RAM per vCPU)
30-50 GiB volume for the operating system
100 GiB or larger volume for Tableau Server
EBS recommended (SSD (gp2) or Provisioned IOPS)
Less than or equal to 20ms as measured by the iostat command in Linux.