Microsoft SQL Server

This article describes how to connect Tableau to a Microsoft SQL Server database and set up the data source.

Note: Use the Microsoft SQL Server connector to connect to Microsoft SQL Server Parallel Data Warehouse (PDW), Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics (formerly Azure SQL Data Warehouse), or Microsoft Azure SQL Database.

Before you begin

Before you begin, gather this connection information:

  • Name of the server you want to connect to

  • (Optional) Port number if you want to connect to a non-default port

  • (Optional) Database name if you want to connect to a contained database

  • Authentication method: Windows Authentication or user name and password

  • Are you connecting to an SSL server?

  • Do you want to set the database isolation level to read uncommitted data?

  • (Optional) Initial SQL statement to run every time Tableau connects

Driver required

This connector requires a driver to talk to the database. If the driver is not installed on your computer, Tableau displays a message in the connection dialog box with a link to the Driver Download(Link opens in a new window) page where you can find driver links and installation instructions.

Make the connection and set up the data source

  1. Start Tableau and under Connect, select Microsoft SQL Server. For a complete list of data connections, select More under To a Server. Then do the following:

    1. Enter the name of the server you want to connect to.

      To connect to a non-default port, use the <server name>, <port number> format when entering the server name. For example, ExampleServer, 8055.

    2. (Optional) Enter a database name if you want to connect to a contained database.

    3. Select how you want to sign in to the server. Specify whether to use Windows Authentication or a specific user name and password. If the server is password protected, and you are not in a Kerberos environment, you must enter the user name and password.

      Select the Require SSL check box when connecting to an SSL server.

    4. Specify whether to Read uncommitted data. This option lets Tableau running at the read-uncommitted isolation level. Long queries from other transactions, including extract refreshes, can lock the database and delay Tableau's transactions. Select this option to allow queries to read rows that have been modified by other transactions even when they have not been committed yet. When this option is cleared, Tableau uses the default isolation level specified by the database.

    5. (Optional) Select Initial SQL to specify a SQL command to run at the beginning of every connection, such as when you open the workbook, refresh an extract, sign in to Tableau Server, or publish to Tableau Server. For more information, see Run Initial SQL.

    6. Select Sign In.

      If Tableau can't make the connection, verify that your credentials are correct. If you still can't connect, your computer is having trouble locating the server. Contact your network administrator or database administrator.

  2. On the data source page, do the following:

    1. (Optional) Select the default data source name at the top of the page, and then enter a unique data source name for use in Tableau. For example, use a data source naming convention that helps other users of the data source figure out which data source to connect to.

    2. From the Database drop-down list, select a database or use the text box to search for a database by name.

    3. Under Table, select a table or use the text box to search for a table by name.

      You can also specify a stored procedure in the database. For more information about stored procedures, including a list of constraints specific to SQL Server databases, see Use a Stored Procedure.

      Starting with Tableau version 2018.1, you can connect to spatial columns. For more information, see Connect to Spatial Data in a Database.

    4. Drag the table or stored procedure to the canvas, and then select the sheet tab to start your analysis.

      Use custom SQL to connect to a specific query rather than the entire data source. For more information, see Connect to a Custom SQL Query. Starting with Tableau version 2018.1, you can use Custom SQL to perform advanced spatial analysis on spatial columns in Microsoft SQL Server. For more information, see Use Custom SQL and RAWSQL to perform advanced spatial analysis.

Note: Tableau Desktop does not support the Microsoft SQL Server TIME data type. Fields of this data type are not imported and do not appear in Tableau Desktop. If included in stored procedures, TIME data type fields will not appear in Tableau Desktop. For more information, see Use a Stored Procedure.

Sign in on a Mac

If you use Tableau Desktop on a Mac, when you enter the server name to connect, use a fully qualified domain name, such as mydb.test.ourdomain.lan, instead of a relative domain name, such as mydb or mydb.test.

Alternatively, you can add the domain to the list of Search Domains for the Mac computer so that when you connect, you need to provide only the server name. To update the list of Search Domains, go to System Preferences > Network > Advanced, and then open the DNS tab.

Resolve "Worksheet Unavailable" error message

When you open a workbook, you may see a “Worksheet Unavailable” error message and then, when you select Edit Connection, you are prompted to provide your sign-in credentials. This error typically displays under one of two circumstances:

  • You don't have access to a data connection used in the workbook.

  • Your credentials are invalid, for example, your password has expired.

To resolve, verify that your sign-in credentials are correct. If they are, contact the Tableau administrator to ask about access to the data connection.


See also

Connect to Spatial Data in a Database

Thanks for your feedback!Your feedback has been successfully submitted. Thank you!