Choosing the right instance for your workload is an important factor for a successful Tableau Server deployment. You can choose from a wide range of Amazon EC2 instance types. For a complete list of all available instance types and sizes, see Amazon EC2 Instance Types(Link opens in a new window) at the AWS website.

At minimum, a 64-bit Tableau Server requires a 4-core CPU (the equivalent of 8 AWS vCPUs) and 16 GB RAM. However, a total of 8 CPU cores (16 AWS vCPUs) and 64 GB RAM are strongly recommended for a single production Amazon EC2 instance.

An AWS vCPU is a single hyperthread of a two-thread Intel Xeon core for M5, M4, C5, C4, R4 and R4 instances. A simple way to think about this is that an AWS vCPU is equal to half a physical core. Therefore, when choosing an Amazon EC2 instance size, you should double number of cores you have purchased or wish to deploy with. Example: You have purchased an 8 core licence for Tableau Server (or need to support enough active users where 8 cores are warranted). You should choose an Amazon EC2 instance type with 16 vCPUs. For more information about how many vCPUs equal a physical core, see Physical Cores by Amazon EC2 and RDS DB Instance Type at the AWS website.

The Windows Operating system will recognise these 16 vCPU as 8 cores, so there is no negative licensing impact.

Typical instance types and sizes for development, test and production environments

  • C5.4xlarge (suitable for development environments only)

  • m5.4xlarge (suitable for development or testing environments only)

  • r5.4xlarge (suitable for development, testing or production environments)

Note: Installing Tableau Server on Amazon EC2 T2 instances is not supported.

For a performance comparison of various Amazon EC2 instance types that have been tested with Tableau Server, see Tableau at the Speed of EC2(Link opens in a new window).

Component/Resource Amazon Web Services

CPU

16+ vCPU

Operating System

  • Tableau Server 2021.3.0 and later:

    • Windows Server 2016

    • Windows Server 2019

  • Earlier versions:
  • Tableau Server 2020.1.0 - 2021.2.x:

    • Windows Server 2012

    • Windows Server 2012 R2

    • Windows Server 2016

    • Windows Server 2019

  • Tableau Server 2019.1.0 - 2019.x:

    • Windows Server 2008 R2

    • Windows Server 2012

    • Windows Server 2012 R2

    • Windows Server 2016

    • Windows Server 2019

Memory

64+ GB RAM (4 GB RAM per vCPU)

Storage

Two volumes:

30-50 GiB volume for the operating system

100 GiB or larger volume for Tableau Server

Storage type

EBS recommended (SSD (gp2) or Provisioned IOPS)

Disk latency

Less than or equal to 20ms as measured by the Avg. Transfer disk/sec Performance Counter in Windows.

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